Catalogue search tips
To find biographies of individual soldiers, use the name of the soldier as a keyword search eg:
There are also many collective biographies available, including of soldiers from the same area. Use the geographic area or the more general name of the conflict as in the following examples:
- Soldiers - New South Wales - Bungendore - Biography
- World War, 1914-1918 - Participation, Australian - Biography.
Many volumes of the collected letters of both individual soldiers and soldiers from particular areas have also been published. These can be found by using either individual names, or geographic areas:
'How to' guides
There have been a number of guides published to tracing individual soldiers. The following are on open access in the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room.
- Digging for diggers: a guide to researching an Australian soldier of the Great War, 1914-1918
Call number RX 929.1072 H826
- That elusive digger: tracing your Australian military ancestors
Call number RX 940.394 S655
Unit histories and official diaries
Unit histories and official diaries can provide useful information on the movement of a unit and a soldier within that unit.
- AIF unit histories of the Great War of 1914-1918 is a recently published bibligraphy of unit histories.
There are also growing collections of unit histories available online. The State Library of Victoria is progressively digitising Victorian unit histories in its collection. The Australian War Memorial has a very useful guide calledResearching the history of a unit and is progressively digitising its collection of Australian Imperial Force WWI diaries.
Medals and awards
Many soldiers received awards for their bravery and service in the war.
The Australian War Memorial has a useful guide called Researching a person which outlines how to find details of honours and awards presented to Australians while on active service with Australian forces. It also includes references to where the recommendation and award can be found in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette as well as the London gazette.
The following printed works name all Australian Army recipients of gallantry and distinguished service awards made during the First World War, together with the recommendations for the awards:
To find out what awards have been issued from the Australian and Imperial honours and awards systems from the Boer War to the present day check Defence Honours and Awards.
On their return from war, many soldiers leased farming land and became soldier settlers.
To find published works held by the National Library use the keywords ‘solder settlers’ or Browse alphabetically for the following heading in the online catalogue:
The following websites also contain useful information on the scheme and access to records:
- Battle to farm (Public Record office of Victoria)
- A land fit for heroes ?
- Solder Settlement Guide ( State Records NSW)